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Metformin

June 23, 2022

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Metformin

Introduction

Metformin is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It is also used to prevent diabetes in people with prediabetes. Metformin works by decreasing the amount of sugar that your liver makes and that your stomach/intestines absorb. It also helps to make your body more sensitive to the insulin that you naturally produce. Metformin is usually taken with meals.

Composition

The active ingredient in metformin is metformin hydrochloride. Inactive ingredients include pregelatinized starch, sodium starch glycolate, and magnesium stearate.

Usage

Metformin is a medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It helps to control blood sugar levels by reducing the amount of sugar produced by the liver and by helping the body to use insulin more effectively. Metformin can also help to prevent the development of type 2 diabetes in people who are at high risk for the condition.

Side Effects

The most common side effects of metformin are gastrointestinal and include diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. Other side effects can include headache, dizziness, and low blood sugar.

Precautions

There are a few things to be aware of when taking metformin. First, it is important to take the medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. This means taking it at the same time each day and in the correct dosage. Second, metformin can cause low blood sugar, so it is important to monitor your blood sugar levels closely. Be sure to carry a source of sugar with you in case you experience low blood sugar. Lastly, metformin can cause stomach upset, so it is important to take the medication with food.

Dosage

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the suggested dosage of metformin will vary depending on the individual's specific medical situation. However, the general starting dose of metformin is 500 mg twice daily, taken with meals. If this initial dose is well tolerated, it may be increased to a maximum of 2,000 mg per day.

Storage

Metformin can be stored at room temperature, between 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C), in a tightly closed container.

Interactions

Metformin can interact with other medications, herbs, or vitamins you might be taking. An interaction is when a substance changes the way a drug works. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well.

Some medications that can interact with metformin include:

blood pressure medications

heart medications

antibiotics

medications for HIV or AIDS

certain diabetes medications

cimetidine

furosemide

niacin

ranitidine

steroids

vitamin B12

Tell your doctor about all the medications, herbs, and vitamins you take. Be sure to mention if you take:

acetaminophen

aspirin

clopidogrel

digoxin

diltiazem

erythromycin

isoniazid

lithium

phenytoin

simvastatin

This is not a complete list of metformin interactions. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about other potential interactions.

User Reviews

Reviews of Metformin by users are largely positive, with many users finding the medicine effective in managing their diabetes. There are a few negative reviews, with users complaining of side effects such as nausea and diarrhea, but overall the reviews are positive.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is miminum age to use "Metformin"?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the opinion of the prescribing physician. Some doctors may feel comfortable prescribing metformin to children as young as 10 or 11, while others may prefer to wait until the child is closer to puberty.

Why should not use "Metformin"?

There are a few reasons why someone might not want to use metformin. First, metformin can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. These side effects can be severe and may lead to hospitalization. Second, metformin can interact with other medications, including over-the-counter medications. This can lead to dangerous side effects. Finally, metformin can cause a build-up of lactic acid in the blood, which can lead to a condition called lactic acidosis.

What are alternatives of "Metformin"?

There are many alternatives to metformin, including lifestyle changes, other oral diabetes medications, and insulin.

Is "Metformin" bad for health?

There is no definitive answer to this question as the effects of metformin on health are still being studied. Some research suggests that metformin may have some health benefits, while other research suggests that it may have negative effects on health.

What are precautions of "Metformin" to take?

Some common precautions of Metformin include avoiding alcohol, being careful when driving or operating machinery, and avoiding becoming pregnant or breastfeeding while taking the medication.

What kind of product is "Metformin"?

Metformin is a prescription medication used to treat type 2 diabetes.

How many days "Metformin" can be used?

There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the individual's response to the medication. Some people may only need to take metformin for a short period of time, while others may need to take it for several months or even years.

How many times "Metformin" can be used in a day?

Metformin can be used up to three times a day.

Does "Metformin" is addictive?

There is no evidence that metformin is addictive.

Is there any complication for diabetes patients to use "Metformin"?

There are a few potential complications that could arise from taking metformin, especially for those with diabetes. These include low blood sugar levels, lactic acidosis, and a decrease in the absorption of vitamins B12 and B1.

Is there any complication for patients having heart issues to use "Metformin"?

There is a potential for complications in patients with heart issues who use Metformin. These complications can include an increased risk for lactic acidosis, as well as low blood sugar levels.

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