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Tuberculosis - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

August 4, 2022



What is Tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is a lung infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is the most common fatal infectious disease in the world, accounting for 1.5 million deaths each year. About 10% of the global population is infected with tuberculosis, and the disease is most commonly spread through the air, usually from person to person, but can also be spread through contact with infected animals. Tuberculosis can be cured with antibiotics if it is detected and treated early, but it can be deadly if left untreated.

What are causes of Tuberculosis?

There are many potential causes of tuberculosis, including the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which can lead to tuberculosis, and other infections. Other potential causes include:

  • Smoking.
  • Infection with the Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium.
  • Heavy exposure to the environment, including work in a polluted environment.
  • Genetic factors.

What are symptoms of Tuberculosis?

There are many symptoms of tuberculosis, but the most common are coughing, chest pain, and fever. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, and weight loss. If tuberculosis is not treated, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause death.

How to prevent from Tuberculosis?

There is no one definitive way to prevent tuberculosis, but there are a number of effective measures that can be taken to reduce your risk. Some of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from tuberculosis include:

  • Getting vaccinated against tuberculosis. This vaccine is available in both a shot and a tablet form, and is recommended for people who are at increased risk for the disease, such as people who are HIV positive, people who have received a bone marrow transplant, and people who have a weakened immune system. The vaccine is also recommended for people who work in high-risk environments, such as healthcare workers.
  • Avoiding exposure to tuberculosis bacteria. This means avoiding contact with people who are sick with tuberculosis, avoiding exposure to tuberculosis-infected material (such as sputum or mucus), and avoiding exposure to tuberculosis-infected areas (such as homes or workplaces where people with tuberculosis are present).
  • Washing your hands regularly. Hand-washing is the best way to prevent the spread of tuberculosis. Washing your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds can help to prevent the spread of tuberculosis.
  • Avoiding smoking. Smoking is the main cause of lung cancer, and it is also a major cause of tuberculosis.
  • Getting regular exercise. Regular exercise can help to improve your overall health and can also help to reduce your risk of developing tuberculosis.

How is Tuberculosis diagnosed?

The diagnosis of tuberculosis is made by a doctor by taking a medical history and performing a physical examination. The doctor will also ask about any symptoms the person has been experiencing. The doctor may also order tests to determine if the person has tuberculosis. If the person has tuberculosis, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.

How is Tuberculosis treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to treat tuberculosis may vary depending on the individual's symptoms and health history. However, some general tips to help treat tuberculosis include:

  • Taking antibiotics as prescribed by a doctor to fight the infection.
  • Quitting smoking.
  • Getting regular exercise.
  • Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
  • Seeking medical attention if symptoms worsen.

When to consult a doctor in Tuberculosis?

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor: fever, chest pain, coughing up blood, shortness of breath, or weight loss. If you have any of these symptoms and you are a smoker, it is even more important to see a doctor.

Who is most likely to be effected in Tuberculosis?

The person most likely to be effected by tuberculosis is someone who has a weakened immune system. This can be due to a number of factors, including age, health conditions, and exposure to tuberculosis bacteria. People who are infected with tuberculosis may experience a number of symptoms, including a cough, fever, and chest pain. If left untreated, tuberculosis can lead to serious health problems, including death.

What are severity stages of Tuberculosis?

There are five severity stages of tuberculosis, which are:

  • 1. Asymptomatic infection
  • 2. Active tuberculosis
  • 3. Latent tuberculosis
  • 4. Advanced tuberculosis
  • 5. Tuberculosis death

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Tuberculosis"?

There is no cure for tuberculosis, but many different medicines can be used to treat the disease. Some of the most common medicines used to treat tuberculosis include isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), and pyrazinamide (PYZ).

What factors increase severity of "Tuberculosis?

The severity of tuberculosis is increased by:

  • Having a weakened immune system.
  • Having a chronic lung infection.
  • Having a severe infection.
  • Having a severe lung infection that is not responding to treatment.

Is there any vaccine available for "Tuberculosis"?

There is no vaccine available for "Tuberculosis".

Which foods shoud be avoid in "Tuberculosis"?

Some foods to avoid in tuberculosis are: raw vegetables, fruits, and juices, smoked or poorly cooked meats, and milk and dairy products.

How long can "Tuberculosis" last?

TB can last anywhere from six months to a year.


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