Otitis Externa - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
September 24, 2022
What is Otitis Externa?
Otitis externa is an infection of the outer ear. It most often occurs in children, but can also occur in adults. Otitis externa is caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or fungi. The most common cause is Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is spread through the air. Otitis externa can also be caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, or Haemophilus influenzae.
The symptoms of otitis externa are usually mild, and may include a fever, a headache, and a sore throat. In more severe cases, otitis externa can cause hearing loss, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of pressure in the ear. Treatment for otitis externa is usually with antibiotics.
What are causes of Otitis Externa?
There are many causes of "Otitis Externa". The most common cause is a cold or the flu. Other causes include allergies, the use of certain medications, and a viral infection. If the infection is caused by a virus, the virus can spread to the middle ear and cause "Otitis Externa".
What are symptoms of Otitis Externa?
Symptoms may include pain, redness, and discharge from the ear.
How to prevent from Otitis Externa?
There are many ways to prevent Otitis Externa, but the most important thing is to take care of your ears. Here are some tips:
- Wash your hands often.
- Avoid touching your face or eyes.
- Avoid using harsh chemicals or cleaners near your ears.
- Avoid wearing tight-fitting earrings.
- Avoid using headphones that do not allow your ears to breathe.
How is Otitis Externa diagnosed?
The diagnosis of otitis externa is typically made based on the patient's symptoms and medical history. A doctor will perform a physical examination and may order imaging tests, such as an MRI, to rule out other causes of the patient's symptoms. If otitis externa is the cause of the patient's symptoms, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
How is Otitis Externa treated?
There are many treatments for otitis externa, depending on the cause and severity of the infection. Antibiotics are usually the first line of treatment for otitis externa caused by bacteria. If the infection is severe, otitis externa may require surgery to remove the ear drum.
Other treatments include over-the-counter painkillers and ear drops, which can help relieve the pain and inflammation of the ear. Wearing a hearing aid may also help to improve hearing. lifestyle changes, such as avoiding exposure to loud noise and using a humidifier, may also help to improve symptoms.
When to consult a doctor in Otitis Externa?
If you have a fever, drainage from your nose or ears, or pain in your ears, you should see a doctor.
Who is most likely to be effected in Otitis Externa?
The person most likely to be effected by Otitis Externa is a child. This is because the virus is most commonly spread through the air, and children are more likely to be close to others who are infected. Otitis Externa can also be spread through contact with saliva or mucus from the nose or throat.
What are severity stages of Otitis Externa?
The severity of Otitis Externa (OE) can be classified as follows: .
1. Acute: The infection is mild and lasts for a short time.
2. Subacute: The infection is moderate and lasts for a few weeks to a few months.
3. Chronic: The infection is severe and lasts for more than 6 months.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Otitis Externa"?
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for otitis externa will vary depending on the individual's symptoms and medical history. However, some common treatments for otitis externa include antibiotics and over-the-counter pain relievers.
What factors increase severity of "Otitis Externa?
The severity of "Otitis Externa" is increased by the following factors:
- A high fever.
- A severe infection.
- A previous episode of "Otitis Externa".
- A weakened immune system.
Is there any vaccine available for "Otitis Externa"?
There is no specific vaccine available for Otitis Externa. However, there are a number of vaccines that may be helpful in preventing or reducing the severity of the infection. Some of these vaccines include the seasonal flu vaccine, the pneumococcal vaccine, and the hepatitis A vaccine.
Which foods shoud be avoid in "Otitis Externa"?
Some foods that should be avoided in Otitis Externa are: hot foods, spicy foods, dairy products, and alcohol.
How long can "Otitis Externa" last?
The average duration of an acute otitis externa is 7 to 10 days.
Are there any types of "Otitis Externa"?
There are many types of "Otitis Externa". They can include:
- Acute otitis externa: A sudden, severe infection of the outer ear canal.
- Chronic otitis externa: A long-term infection of the outer ear canal.
- Otitis media with effusion: A type of otitis externa in which fluid accumulates in the middle ear.
- Otitis media with serous effusion: A type of otitis externa in which fluid accumulates in the middle ear and there is also a significant amount of pus.
Which food can cure "Otitis Externa"?
There is no one food that can cure "Otitis Externa." However, various over-the-counter and prescription medications can help to treat the condition.