Lassa Fever - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
July 10, 2022
What is Lassa Fever
Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever that is caused by the Lassa virus. The virus is found in Africa and the Middle East. The virus is spread through contact with blood, body fluids, or organs of an infected person. The virus can cause fever, muscle aches, headache, and vomiting. Lassa fever can be deadly if not treated quickly. There is no vaccine or cure for Lassa fever. Treatment focuses on relieving the symptoms and supporting the patient's health. In some cases, hospitalization may be necessary. Lassa fever is a serious disease and should not be taken lightly. Anyone who is concerned about their health should contact their doctor.
What are causes of Lassa Fever
Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus. It is a severe, often fatal illness, which is spread through contact with blood, vomit, or other body fluids from an infected person. Symptoms typically develop two to twelve days after exposure to the virus, and may include fever, headache, vomiting, diarrhea, and bleeding. The virus can be fatal in up to 90% of cases, and is treated with antibiotics.
What are symptoms of Lassa Fever
Symptoms of Lassa fever usually start a few days after exposure to the virus and can include fever, headache, neck stiffness, and muscle pain. The fever can reach a high of 39°C (102°F). Other symptoms may include diarrhea, vomiting, and rash. Death from Lassa fever is rare, but can occur in up to 50% of cases.
How to prevent from Lassa Fever
There is no specific way to prevent Lassa fever, but general precautions should be taken to avoid mosquito bites. Avoid areas where mosquitoes are common, such as near lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water. Use insect repellent and wear long-sleeved shirts and pants when outdoors. If you are traveling to an area where Lassa fever is common, take the following precautions:
- Wear a full face mask when traveling to an area where Lassa fever is common.
- Stay in well-screened hotels.
- Avoid contact with animals that are sick or have died from Lassa fever.
- Avoid drinking water from streams, rivers, or lakes in the area.
How is Lassa Fever diagnosed
The diagnosis of Lassa fever is made by detecting the virus in the blood or other body fluids of a person who is infected. The virus is usually found in the blood, but it can also be found in other body fluids, such as saliva, urine, and semen. Lassa fever is usually treated with antibiotics. If the person is very sick, the person may be hospitalized.
How is Lassa Fever treated
There is no specific cure for Lassa fever, but common medicines and life styles can help to treat the symptoms. Treatment typically includes rest, fluids, and antibiotics to fight the infection. People who are infected with Lassa fever may need to be hospitalized for treatment.
When to consult a doctor in Lassa Fever
If you are experiencing fever, muscle aches, headache, and a rash, you should consult a doctor. Lassa fever is a serious viral illness that can be fatal.
Who is most likely to be effected in Lassa Fever
The person most likely to be effected by Lassa Fever is a person who has recently traveled to an area where the virus is prevalent. Symptoms of Lassa Fever include fever, headache, muscle aches, and vomiting. In severe cases, the person may experience bleeding from the nose, mouth, or rectum. Lassa Fever is a serious virus and can be fatal if not treated quickly.
What are severity stages of Lassa Fever
There are five severity stages of Lassa Fever. They are as follows:
1. Acute phase: This is the earliest stage of Lassa Fever. Symptoms may include fever, muscle aches, and headache. This phase can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
2. Early phase: This is the second stage of Lassa Fever. Symptoms may include a decrease in appetite, nausea, and vomiting. This phase can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
3. Late phase: This is the most serious stage of Lassa Fever. Symptoms may include a decrease in blood pressure, a rash, and bleeding. This phase can last anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.
4. Terminal phase: This is the last stage of Lassa Fever. Symptoms may include a coma, death, or permanent brain damage. This phase can last anywhere from a few weeks to a few months.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Lassa Fever"?
There is no specific treatment for Lassa fever, but treatment typically includes supportive care and antibiotics. Some people may need to be hospitalized for treatment.
What factors increase severity of "Lassa Fever?
There is no definitive answer to this question as the severity of "Lassa Fever" can vary greatly from person to person. However, some factors that may increase the severity of the disease include: having a weakened immune system, being older, having a history of travel to areas where the disease is prevalent, and having a severe illness at the time of diagnosis.
Is there any vaccine available for "Lassa Fever"?
There is no vaccine available for "Lassa Fever."
Which foods shoud be avoid in "Lassa Fever"?
Some foods to avoid during Lassa Fever are fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and meat.
How long can "Lassa Fever" last?
There is no definitive answer to this question as it depends on the individual's symptoms and how severe they are. Lassa fever can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks.
Are there any types of "Lassa Fever"?
There is no specific type of Lassa Fever, but the virus can affect any part of the body. Symptoms can include fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue.
Which food can cure "Lassa Fever"?
There is no cure for Lassa fever. However, there are treatments available that can help reduce the symptoms of the disease.
Which countries reported cases of "Lassa Fever"?
Lassa fever is a virus that is spread through contact with blood, sweat, vomit, or saliva from an infected person. It is most commonly found in West Africa, but cases have been reported in other parts of the world.
Is "Lassa Fever" caused by mouse?
There is no definitive answer to this question as the cause of Lassa Fever is still unknown. However, it is possible that the virus is spread through contact with mouse droppings or saliva.