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Kidney Stones - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

August 8, 2022


Kidney Stones

What is Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are a type of mineral deposit that can form in the kidneys. They are made up of small crystals or stones that can get stuck in the kidneys. When this happens, the stones can cause pain and difficulty urinating. Kidney stones can also lead to other health problems, such as blood pressure problems and even death.

There are a few things that can increase your chances of getting kidney stones. These include a high protein diet, being overweight, and having a family history of kidney stones. Other factors that can increase your risk include drinking a lot of water and soda, being on a high-salt diet, and having a high-fiber diet.

Kidney stones can form in any part of the kidney, but they are most common in the upper part of the kidney. The most common type of kidney stone is the calcium stone. Other types of stones include the ureteral stone, the cystine stone, and the uric acid stone.

The most common way to get kidney stones is to have them form in the kidneys. However, they can also form in other parts of the body, such as the bladder.

If you have kidney stones, your doctor will likely give you a prescription for a medication called oxaliplatin. This medication can help dissolve the stones. If the stones are too large to be dissolved with oxaliplatin, your doctor may give you a second medication called percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCN). This is a surgery that involves making a small hole in your back and removing the stones.

If you have kidney stones, it is important to follow your doctor's instructions about diet and exercise. This is because a high-protein diet, being overweight, and having a high-salt diet are all risk factors for kidney stones.

If you have kidney stones, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible. Early treatment can help prevent long-term health problems.

What are causes of Kidney Stones?

There are many potential causes of kidney stones, including:

  • A build-up of minerals in the urinary tract.
  • A change in the composition of the urine.
  • A problem with the urinary tract's ability to dissolve minerals.
  • A problem with the urinary tract's ability to excrete minerals.
  • A problem with the urinary tract's ability to cleanse itself.

What are symptoms of Kidney Stones?

The most common symptoms of kidney stones are pain in the back or side, blood in the urine, and a need to go to the bathroom often.

How to prevent from Kidney Stones?

There is no one definitive way to prevent from developing kidney stones. However, some lifestyle changes, such as eating a balanced diet and drinking plenty of water, can help to reduce the risk. Additionally, some medications, such as diuretics, can also help to prevent stones from forming. If you are at risk for kidney stones, it is important to speak with your doctor about your specific risk factors and how to best manage them.

How is Kidney Stones diagnosed?

The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. He or she will also do a physical exam and may order a blood test to check for kidney stones. If the doctor thinks you may have kidney stones, he or she may recommend a CT scan or an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis.

How is Kidney Stones treated?

There is no one definitive answer to treating kidney stones. Some people may need to take a combination of different medicines or lifestyle changes to successfully treat their stones.

Some common medicines people may take to treat kidney stones include:

Acidic foods and drinks:

Drinking lots of fluids and eating foods that are high in acidic fruits and vegetables can help to dissolve kidney stones.


Some medications, such as rinses and pills that contain citrate (a type of salt), can help to break up kidney stones.


If all other treatments fail, some people may need to have surgery to remove their kidney stones.

When to consult a doctor in Kidney Stones?

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor:

  • Pain when urinating.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Lower back or flank pain.
  • Nausea or vomiting.
  • Fatigue.
  • Weight loss.

Who is most likely to be effected in Kidney Stones?

The most likely person to be effected by kidney stones is a middle-aged or elderly person. They are more likely to have a history of kidney stones, and are also more likely to have a more difficult time passing them.

What are severity stages of Kidney Stones?

There are five severity stages of kidney stones:


The stone is present and may cause pain.


A stone is present but does not cause pain.


A stone is present for a long time and may cause pain.


A stone blocks the flow of urine and may cause pain.

Urinary Retention:

A stone causes difficulty in passing urine.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Kidney Stones"?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for kidney stones will vary depending on the individual's specific circumstances. However, some of the most common treatments for kidney stones include dietary changes, medications, and surgery.

What factors increase severity of "Kidney Stones?

There is no definitive answer to this question as the severity of kidney stones can vary greatly from person to person. Some factors that may increase the severity of kidney stones include:

  • Having a family history of kidney stones.
  • Having a history of high blood pressure.
  • Having a history of diabetes.
  • Having a history of kidney stones before.
  • Having a history of a urinary tract infection.
  • Having a history of drinking a lot of water or alcohol.
  • Having a history of eating a lot of salt.
  • Having a history of being overweight.
  • Having a history of a high body mass index.

Which foods shoud be avoid in "Kidney Stones"?

Some foods that should be avoided in people with kidney stones include:

  • Caffeine.
  • Salt.
  • Red meat.
  • Smoking.
  • Alcohol.

How long can "Kidney Stones" last?

Kidney stones can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.

Which food can cure "Kidney Stones"?

There is no one food that can cure kidney stones. However, various foods and supplements have been shown to help reduce the risk of developing stones or to help dissolve existing stones. Some of the most common foods and supplements that have been shown to help are:


Drinking plenty of water throughout the day can help prevent stones from forming and can also help to dissolve existing stones.

Fruit and vegetables:

Consuming fruits and vegetables high in potassium and fiber can help to reduce the risk of developing stones. Additionally, many vegetables and fruits are also rich in vitamins and minerals that can help to support the health of the kidneys.


Calcium can help to reduce the risk of developing stones by promoting the absorption of minerals and other nutrients.

Vitamin D:

Vitamin D can help to promote the absorption of calcium and other minerals..


Fish is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to help reduce the risk of developing stones.

Brewed tea:

Tea is a good source of antioxidants, which can help to reduce the risk of developing stones.


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