Influenza - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
July 7, 2022
What is Influenza
Influenza is a respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. It is a highly contagious virus that can cause severe respiratory illness in people of all ages. The virus is spread through the air, and can be spread from person to person through coughing and sneezing. Symptoms of influenza include fever, cough, and body aches. In severe cases, influenza can lead to pneumonia, which can be fatal. The best way to prevent influenza is to get vaccinated against the virus.
What are causes of Influenza
There is no one definitive answer to this question. However, some possible causes of "Influenza" include: exposure to the virus while being infected with the virus, contact with respiratory secretions from an infected person, and coming into contact with infected animals.
What are symptoms of Influenza
There are many symptoms of Influenza, but the most common are a fever, cough, and sore throat. Other symptoms may include muscle aches, headache, and fatigue. Some people may also have a rash. Influenza can be very serious and can lead to pneumonia, which is a serious lung infection.
How to prevent from Influenza
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best way to prevent influenza depends on the individual's lifestyle and health history. However, some general tips that may help prevent influenza include:
- Washing your hands often, especially before you eat, and after you touch your face, nose, and mouth.
- Avoiding close contact with people who are sick.
- Staying warm and dry during cold weather.
- Getting vaccinated against influenza.
How is Influenza diagnosed
There is no one definitive test for diagnosing influenza. The most common way to diagnose influenza is by using a blood test to measure antibodies to the virus. Other methods used to diagnose influenza include a chest x-ray, a viral culture from a respiratory tract sample, and a swab test of the nose or throat.
How is Influenza treated
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to treating influenza, as the best approach depends on the individual's symptoms and health history. However, common treatments include over-the-counter cold and flu remedies and prescription antiviral medications.
Over-the-counter cold and flu remedies:
Most over-the-counter cold and flu remedies are effective against the flu, including ibuprofen, acetaminophen, and aspirin. If you are taking any of these medications, it is important to follow the directions on the label carefully, as overuse or misuse can lead to serious health problems.
Prescription antiviral medications:
If you are experiencing severe flu symptoms, your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication. These medications are typically effective against the flu, but they can also have side effects, so it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of using them with your doctor before starting treatment.
When to consult a doctor in Influenza
If you have any of the following symptoms, see a doctor immediately:
- Sore throat.
- Runny nose.
- Body aches.
- Rapid breathing.
- Chest pain.
- Clammy skin.
- Red eyes.
- If you are pregnant, see your doctor immediately.
- Severe chest pain.
- Shortness of breath.
- Rapid heartbeat.
Who is most likely to be effected in Influenza
The most likely person to be effected by Influenza is the elderly, pregnant women, and children. Influenza can cause severe respiratory illness, including pneumonia, which can be fatal. People who are most at risk of developing severe respiratory illness from Influenza include those who are elderly, have a chronic medical condition, are pregnant, or are very young, including infants and children.
What are severity stages of Influenza
The severity stages of influenza are:
1. Acute respiratory illness (ARI): This is the mildest stage of influenza and includes symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
2. Serious acute respiratory illness (SARI): This is a more severe form of ARI and includes symptoms such as pneumonia, difficulty breathing, and chest pain.
3. Acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS): This is the most severe form of ARI and can lead to death. ARDS includes symptoms such as extreme breathlessness, fever, and pneumonia that spreads to other parts of the body.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Influenza"?
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for Influenza will vary depending on the individual's specific health situation and symptoms. However, some common treatments for Influenza include over-the-counter cold and flu remedies, prescription medications such as Tamiflu (Oseltamivir), and home remedies such as lemon juice and honey.
Can "Influenza" be transferred from person to person?
Yes, influenza can be transferred from person to person through coughing and sneezing.
What factors increase severity of "Influenza?
The severity of Influenza can be increased by a number of factors. These can include:
- Age: The elderly are more likely to experience serious complications from the flu, including pneumonia, heart problems, and even death.
- Gender: Women are more likely than men to develop flu-related complications, such as pneumonia.
- Race: People of Asian, African American, and Native American descent are at a higher risk for developing severe flu complications, such as pneumonia.
- Health status: People with pre-existing health conditions are at a higher risk for more serious flu complications, such as pneumonia.
Is there any vaccine available for "Influenza"?
There is no specific vaccine available for "Influenza". However, there are vaccines available to help protect against other types of viruses, such as the "H1N1" (swine) or "H3N2" (human) pandemics.
Which foods shoud be avoid in "Influenza"?
Some foods to avoid during the Influenza season are:
- Chews and other hard foods.
- Raw fruits and vegetables.
- Uncooked poultry.
- Uncooked meats.
How long can "Influenza" last?
The average duration of influenza is about two weeks.
Are there any types of "Influenza"?
There are many types of "Influenza", but the most common is the "swine flu".
Which food can cure "Influenza"?
There is no one food that can cure influenza. However, some foods that have been shown to help reduce symptoms include chicken broth, ginger, and garlic.