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Herpangina - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

August 5, 2022



What is Herpangina?

Herpangina is a common, benign skin infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Symptoms include fever, headache, and a rash. The rash may be widespread or confined to one area. Treatment includes over-the-counter painkillers and antiviral medication. Herpangina is most common in adults age 30 to 50, but it can also occur in children and adolescents.

What are causes of Herpangina?

There is no one definitive answer to this question. Some possible causes of "Herpangina" include:

  • A bacterial infection of the throat, which can be caused by a variety of bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
  • A viral infection of the throat, which can be caused by the common cold, the flu, or herpes simplex virus.
  • A foreign body or object lodged in the throat, such as a piece of food or a coin.
  • A structural problem with the throat, such as a deviated septum or a tumor.
  • A misdiagnosis of another condition, such as a sinus infection.

What are symptoms of Herpangina?

The most common symptom of "Herpangina" is a severe headache. Other symptoms may include a fever, neck stiffness, and pain in the chest or neck. In some cases, a person may also experience a red rash on the face or neck.

How to prevent from Herpangina?

There is no surefire way to prevent Herpangina, but following some simple precautions can help reduce your chances.

Avoid sharing drinks, food, or cigarettes with someone who is sick.

Avoid touching your mouth or nose while you are sick.

Avoid close contact with people who are sick.

Wash your hands often and thoroughly.

Avoid touching your eyes or nose.

How is Herpangina diagnosed?

The diagnosis of "Herpangina" is made by a doctor after a physical examination and a review of the patient's medical history. The doctor will look for signs and symptoms of the disease, which may include fever, swollen lymph nodes, and pain in the neck, chest, or back. The doctor may also order tests to determine the cause of the symptoms. Treatment for "Herpangina" typically involves rest and antibiotics.

How is Herpangina treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to treating "herpangina," as the best approach will vary depending on the individual's symptoms and medical history. However, common treatments include over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen, and prescription medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Additionally, lifestyle changes, such as avoiding spicy foods and drink, can help reduce inflammation and pain.

When to consult a doctor in Herpangina?

If you have mouth pain, fever, and swollen lymph nodes in your neck, consult a doctor immediately.

Who is most likely to be effected in Herpangina?

The most likely person to be effected by Herpangina is a person who has a weakened immune system.

What are severity stages of Herpangina?

There are four severity stages of "Herpangina":


The onset of symptoms is sudden and severe, and may include a fever, chills, and a sore throat.


The symptoms persist for a few days but may eventually improve.


The symptoms persist for more than a week and may cause significant discomfort.


The symptoms occur more than once a month.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Herpangina"?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for "Herpangina" will vary depending on the individual's symptoms and medical history. However, some common treatments for "Herpangina" include over-the-counter painkillers, such as ibuprofen, and prescription medications, such as penicillin.

What factors increase severity of "Herpangina?

There is no one definitive answer to this question, as the severity of "Herpangina" can vary significantly from person to person. However, some factors that may increase the severity of the condition include:

  • Having a history of recurrent "Herpangina" episodes.
  • Having a severe underlying medical condition, such as a heart condition or a head injury.
  • Having a weakened immune system.
  • Having a history of allergies.
  • Having a history of recurrent colds or other respiratory infections.
  • Having a history of skin infections, such as MRSA.
  • Having a history of severe menstrual cramps.
  • Having a history of severe pain in the chest or neck.

Is there any vaccine available for "Herpangina"?

There is no specific vaccine available for "Herpangina." However, there are a number of vaccines available that may be helpful in preventing infection with certain types of viruses. Some of these vaccines may also help protect against Herpangina.

Which foods shoud be avoid in "Herpangina"?

There is no definitive answer as to what foods should be avoided in the case of Herpangina, as the condition is still relatively new and not well understood. However, some foods that could potentially trigger the symptoms of Herpangina include garlic, onions, and fruits and vegetables that are high in sulfur, such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts.

How long can "Herpangina" last?

Most cases of herpangina last around four to six weeks.


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