Diphtheria - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention
September 19, 2022
What is Diphtheria?
Diphtheria is a bacterial infection that can cause serious respiratory problems in adults and young children. The disease is spread through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva or mucus, from an infected person. Symptoms of diphtheria include fever, sore throat, and a thick, white coating on the tongue. In severe cases, diphtheria can lead to paralysis and death. The best way to prevent diphtheria is through vaccination.
What are causes of Diphtheria?
There are many causes of "Diphtheria", but the most common are:
- Getting infected with the "Diphtheria" bacteria (usually through the nose or mouth).
- Having a weakened immune system.
- Having a pre-existing medical condition that makes you more susceptible to "Diphtheria".
- Not getting vaccinated against "Diphtheria".
What are symptoms of Diphtheria?
The most common symptoms of diphtheria are a high fever, a sore throat, and a thick white discharge from the nose and mouth. Other symptoms may include a headache, a rash, and difficulty breathing.
How to prevent from Diphtheria?
There is no specific way to prevent from "Diphtheria". However, there are some general hygiene practices that can help to reduce your chances of contracting the disease. These include washing your hands regularly, avoiding close contact with people who are sick, and getting vaccinated if you are at risk.
How is Diphtheria diagnosed?
The most common way to diagnose diphtheria is by a physical examination of the patient and by performing a blood test. Other methods that can be used to diagnose diphtheria include looking for antibodies in the patient's blood, examining the bacteria that is causing the infection, and doing a biopsy of a lesion on the patient's skin.
How is Diphtheria treated?
There is no specific treatment for diphtheria, as the disease is treatable with common medicines and life styles. Treatment typically includes antibiotics to fight the bacteria that is causing the infection, and supportive care, such as fluids and oxygen to help the patient breathe. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the infected tissue.
When to consult a doctor in Diphtheria?
If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor immediately:
- A high fever.
- Coughing up blood.
- Difficulty breathing.
- A sore throat.
- Red, swollen, and tender lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.
- A severe headache.
- A severe nausea or vomiting.
- A severe rash.
- A severe cough that does not go away.
- A seizure.
Who is most likely to be effected in Diphtheria?
The person most likely to be effected by diphtheria is a child under five years old. The disease is caused by a bacterium called Corynebacterium diphtheriae and can be fatal if not treated quickly.
What are severity stages of Diphtheria?
There are five severity stages of diphtheria:
1. Acute diphtheria: The person has a high fever, a sore throat, and a rapid heart rate.
2. Subacute diphtheria: The person has a milder fever, a less severe throat infection, and a slower heart rate.
3. Chronic diphtheria: The person has a persistent fever, a less severe throat infection, and a slowly beating heart.
4. Pneumonia: The person has a high fever, a chest infection, and difficulty breathing.
5. Death: The person has a high fever, a stiff neck, and difficulty breathing.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Diphtheria"?
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best medicines for treating diphtheria will vary depending on the individual's symptoms and health condition. However, some common diphtheria medicines include antibiotics (such as penicillin) and antitoxins (such as antitoxin A).
What factors increase severity of "Diphtheria?
The severity of diphtheria increases with age, comorbidities (such as heart disease or diabetes), and poor nutrition.
Which foods shoud be avoid in "Diphtheria"?
Some foods to avoid in an individual with diphtheria are milk, cheese, ice cream, and eggs.
How long can "Diphtheria" last?
Diphtheria can last anywhere from a few days to a few weeks.
Which food can cure "Diphtheria"?
There is no food that can cure diphtheria.