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Dengue - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

July 11, 2022



What is Dengue

Dengue fever is a viral infection caused by the dengue virus. It is a serious, potentially life-threatening illness. Dengue is most common in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is also becoming more common in the United States.

Dengue is a mosquito-borne illness. The dengue virus is spread through the bite of an infected mosquito. Symptoms of dengue fever typically develop 4 to 7 days after being bitten by a dengue virus-carrying mosquito. Symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle aches, and a rash. Dengue can be fatal in some cases. There is no specific cure for dengue, but treatment focuses on relieving symptoms. Prevention of dengue is through the use of mosquito repellents and avoiding mosquito bites.

What are causes of Dengue

There is no one definitive answer to this question. Some possible causes of "Dengue" include: being bitten by an infected mosquito, being exposed to the virus through close contact with an infected person, travelling to an area where the virus is prevalent, and having a weakened immune system.

What are symptoms of Dengue

The most common symptoms of dengue are fever, headache, and muscle aches. Other symptoms may include rash, nausea, and vomiting. Dengue can be fatal if not treated quickly.

How to prevent from Dengue

There is no specific way to prevent from "Dengue". However, following some basic hygiene measures can help reduce your chances of getting the disease:

  • Use insect repellent when travelling to areas where dengue is prevalent.
  • Stay in air-conditioned areas as much as possible.
  • Avoid mosquito bites by using mosquito repellent and wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants.
  • Wash your hands regularly and often use hand sanitizer.

How is Dengue diagnosed

There is no specific test to diagnose dengue. The diagnosis is based on the person's symptoms and medical history. Dengue is usually diagnosed by a doctor after a person has had a fever for a few days and has other symptoms, such as a rash, headache, and muscle aches.

How is Dengue treated

There is no specific cure for dengue, but there are a number of medications and lifestyle changes that can help to reduce the symptoms. Some of the most common treatments include rest, fluids, and paracetamol. It is important to keep hydrated, as dengue can lead to dehydration. It is also important to avoid mosquito bites, as this can increase your risk of getting dengue.

When to consult a doctor in Dengue

Consulting a doctor is always the best course of action if you experience any of the following symptoms of dengue fever: high fever, severe headache, severe body aches, difficulty breathing, or rash.

Who is most likely to be effected in Dengue

If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, it is important to consult a doctor:

  • A fever over 38.3C (101F).
  • Severe headache.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Rash.
  • Red eyes.
  • Muscle pain.
  • Conjunctivitis (red eyes and sore throat).

What are severity stages of Dengue

There are four severity stages of dengue:

1. Dengue fever: This is the most common and mild form of the disease. Symptoms include fever, headache, and a rash.

2. Dengue hemorrhagic fever: This is a more serious form of the disease. Symptoms include severe fever, bleeding, and shock.

3. Dengue shock syndrome: This is the most serious form of the disease and can be fatal. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, and confusion.

4. Dengue death: This is the most severe form of the disease and is fatal in up to 50% of cases. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, and seizures.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which medicines can be used for treatment of "Dengue"?

There is no specific medicine that can be used to treat dengue. Treatment typically involves rest, fluids, and pain relief. Some people may also need antibiotics to prevent secondary infections.

What factors increase severity of "Dengue?

The severity of dengue is increased by the following factors:

  • A previous history of dengue.
  • A current or recent travel to an area where dengue is common.
  • A lack of immunity to dengue.
  • A sick or weakened immune system.
  • Age: The older the person, the more likely they are to develop severe dengue.
  • Race: Caucasians are more likely to develop severe dengue than people of other races.
  • Sex: Women are more likely to develop severe dengue than men.

Is there any vaccine available for "Dengue"?

There is no vaccine available for "Dengue".

Which foods shoud be avoid in "Dengue"?

Some foods to avoid in dengue are those that are high in sugar, salt, and oil. These can make the virus more active and increase the risk of developing dengue.

How long can "Dengue" last?

There is no known cure for dengue fever, and it can last for several weeks to several months.

Are there any types of "Dengue"?

There are several types of dengue, including dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), dengue shock syndrome (DSS), and dengue fever.

Which food can cure "Dengue"?

There is no cure for dengue, but there are treatments available that can help relieve symptoms. Some of the most common treatments include rest, fluids, and pain relief.

Which regions are most effected with "Dengue"?

The regions most effected with "Dengue" are South America, Southeast Asia, and the Caribbean.


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